Definition
An instance M of the parameterized data type map2<I1,I2,E> is an injective mapping from the pairs in I1 x I2 , called the index type of M , to the set of variables of data type E , called the element type of M . I must be a pointer, item, or handle type or the type int. We use M(i, j) to denote the variable indexed by (i, j) and we use dom(M) to denote the set of ``used indices''. This set is empty at the time of creation and is modified by map2 accesses.
Related data types are map, d_arrays, h_arrays, and dictionaries.
#include < LEDA/core/map2.h >
Types
map2< I1,I2,E> ::item | the item type. |
map2< I1,I2,E> ::index_type1 | the first index type. |
map2< I1,I2,E> ::index_type2 | the second index type . |
map2< I1,I2,E> ::element_type | the element type. |
Creation
map2< I1,I2,E> | M | creates an injective function m from I1 x I2 to the set of unused variables of type E , sets xdef to the default value of type E (if E has no default value then xdef stays undefined) and dom(M) to the empty set, and initializes M with m . |
map2< I1,I2,E> | M(E x) | creates an injective function m from I1 x I2 to the set of unused variables of type E , sets xdef to x and dom(M) to the empty set, and initializes M with m . |
Operations
Implementation
Maps are implemented by hashing with chaining and table doubling. Access operations M(i, j) take expected time O(1) .